Herbs to grow

Basil

Basil

Basil is an aromatic herb; it does not survive cold temperatures. Sweet Basil is the most common variety.

Health benefits

Basil is a good source of vitamin A, preventing cholesterol from building up in the blood vessels. Magnesium is also present in basil, and this essential mineral helps the heart and blood vessels to relax, improving blood flow. Other nutrients found in basil include iron, calcium, potassium, and vitamin C.

Chilli

Red Chilli

The small compact chilli varietes are perfect for growing in pots and will add a dash of colour to your plantings.

Health benefits

Chillis contain high levels of vitamins A and C - both important imune system boosters, as well as B vitamins and vitamin E, an antioxidant.

Chives

Chives

Chives are a member of the onion family and have a delicate mild onion taste. Chives can be grown from seed or seedling. They like warm sun. Keep moist. Chives will survive the coldest winter.

Health benefits

Chives have high levels of vitamins A and C, and essential minerals such as potassium, calcium and folic acid. They are reputidly midly antibiotic.

Coriander

Coriander

In temperate climates, sow seeds or plant seedlings between early spring and autumn. Late summer, early autumn seedlings grow lush in cool weather providing a leafy harvest through winter. Coriander is a cousin of parsley, sometimes called “Cilantro” . A strong distinctive taste, it is a very fast grower and goes to seed quite quickly in very hot weather and full sun. Keep shaded during these months.

Health benefits

Coriander contains vitamin A, vitamin B6, niacin, riboflavin, thiamin, vitamin C, vitamin E, vitamin K, calcium, copper, iron, manganese, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, selenium, sodium and zinc.

Lemon Balm

Lemon Balm

Lemon Balm is a citrusy and fresh scented herb. It is very prolific, easily grown and great for tea.

Health benefits

Lemon balm tea was known to have powers of longevity. Today the tea is taken to treat colds and flu, lower blood pressure and for insomnia and indigestion. As a gentle sedative, lemon balm in tea and oils can relieve tension & stress reactions, thus acting to relieve depression.

Lemon Thyme

Lemon Thyme

Lemon thyme can be a little more difficult to grow than ordinary thyme. If you give it too much compost or over-fertilise it, it has a tendency to put all of its effort into lush growth and produce tasteless leaves.

Health benefits

Thyme contains an essential oil that is a powerful antiseptic, antibacterial, and a strong antioxidant. The oil of thyme is used in mouthwashes to treat inflammations and throat infections. It is a common component of cough drops.

Marjoram

Marjoram

A herb of the mint family, Origanum majorana, having aromatic leaves. The leaves of this plant are used in flavouring food. Marjoram is an annual that thrives in good premium soil, good light and does not like wet feet.

Health benefits

Marjoram contains calcium, iron, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, sodium, vitamin A, vitamin C, and niacin.

Oregano

Oregano

Oregano is one of the most popular herbs in the kitchen and in the garden. Oregano is a popular herb in Italian and Mediterranean dishes. Oregano plants are closely related to Marjoram, and are members of the Mint family. They originated in Europe and Central Asia.

Health benefits

Oregano has been shown to have over 42 times the antioxidant activity as apples, 30 times higher than potatoes and 12 times more than oranges. As a matter of fact, ounce for ounce oregano is thought to be one of the most antioxidant dense of all foods.

Nasturtiums

Nasturtiums

A wonderfully colourful plant to grow to add some colour, they do spread quite quickly so keep them compact by picking.

Health benefits

Scientific research has found the plant has a natural antibiotic action that is fast-working in the body and does not interfere with intestinal flora.

Parsley

Parsley

Parsley is perhaps the most popular of all herbs and comes in two varieties – curly leaved and flat-leaved. The latter, sometimes called Continental parsley, has a slightly stronger taste. It is best grown as an annual. In hot areas parsley grows best shaded from the hot sun.

Health benefits

Parsley contains more vitamin C than any other standard culinary vegetable. It also has a high level of iron and is a good source of manganese, calcium and potassium.

Sage

Sage

Sage is a useful herb that is easy and fun to grow.

Health benefits

For thousands of years, sage has been used for a variety of culinary and medicinal purposes. It has been used in connection with sprains, swelling, ulcers, and bleeding. As a tea, sage has been administered for sore throats and coughs. Sage herb parts have many notable plant-derived chemical compounds, essential oils, minerals and vitamins that are known to have disease preventing and health promoting properties.

Tarragon

Tarragon

Tarragon prefers well-drained soil. It will do equally well in full sun or partial shade.

Health benefits

Tarragon is known to help fight off fatigue and calm the nerves. Tarragon promotes the production of bile by the liver, which aids in digestion and helps speed the process of eliminating toxic waste in the body. Tarragon offers healing properties for the stomach and liver. People with high blood pressure can use tarragon as a salt substitute. Tarragon is reputed to be a mild sedative and has been taken to aid sleep.

Thyme

Thyme

Most thymes are evergreen perennials that have tiny aromatic leaves. The wonderful lemon scented thyme does exactly what its name suggests. Along with parsley and bay, thyme is one of the key ingredients in bouquet garni. They like warm, sunny and moist well drained conditions. Cut back after flowering to promote fresh new foliage.

Health benefits

Thyme contains an essential oil that is rich in thymol. Thyme is a powerful antiseptic, antibacterial, and a strong antioxidant. The oil of thyme is used in mouthwashes to treat inflammations and throat infections. It is a common component of cough drops.

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